Crates

The crate_type attribute can be used to tell the compiler whether a crate is a binary or a library (and even which type of library), and the crate_name attribute can be used to set the name of the crate.

However, it is important to note that both the crate_type and crate_name attributes have no effect whatsoever when using Cargo, the Rust package manager. Since Cargo is used for the majority of Rust projects, this means real-world uses of crate-type and crate_name are relatively limited.


# #![allow(unused_variables)]
#fn main() {
// This crate is a library
#![crate_type = "lib"]
// The library is named "rary"
#![crate_name = "rary"]

pub fn public_function() {
    println!("called rary's `public_function()`");
}

fn private_function() {
    println!("called rary's `private_function()`");
}

pub fn indirect_access() {
    print!("called rary's `indirect_access()`, that\n> ");

    private_function();
}
#}

When the crate_type attribute is used, we no longer need to pass the --crate-type flag to rustc.

$ rustc lib.rs
$ ls lib*
library.rlib