Rust by Example

15.3 Repeat

Macros can use + in the argument list to indicate that an argument may repeat at least once, or *, to indicate that the argument may repeat zero or more times.

In the following example, surrounding the matcher with $(...),+ will match one or more expression, separated by commas. Also note that the semicolon is optional on the last case.

// `min!` will calculate the minimum of any number of arguments.
macro_rules! find_min {
    // Base case:
    ($x:expr) => ($x);
    // `$x` followed by at least one `$y,`
    ($x:expr, $($y:expr),+) => (
        // Call `find_min!` on the tail `$y`
        std::cmp::min($x, find_min!($($y),+))
    )
}

fn main() {
    println!("{}", find_min!(1u32));
    println!("{}", find_min!(1u32 + 2 , 2u32));
    println!("{}", find_min!(5u32, 2u32 * 3, 4u32));
}